diaryofanegress

Observations of an Invisible Woman

Jews and the Slave Trade

Eight years BEFORE the publication of The Secret Relationship Between Blacks and Jews, Volume 1, Rabbi Marc Lee Raphael published a stunning statement on Jewish involvement in the slave trade. Rabbi Raphael is both a rabbi and a top historian of Jewish history. For the last generation he has been the editor of the quarterly journal, American Jewish History. He is the Nathan and Sophia Gumenick Professor of Judaic Studies, Professor of Religion, and Chair, Department of Religion, The College of William and Mary, and a Visiting Fellow of Wolfson College, Oxford University.

He, and a visiting professor at Brown University, the University of Pittsburgh, HUC-JIR, UCLA, and Case Western Reserve University. He came to The College of William and Mary in 1989 after 20 years at Ohio State University. He is the author of many books on Jews and Judaism in America, and his most recent publication (with his wife Linda Schermer Raphael) is When Night Fell: An Anthology of Holocaust Short Stories (Rutgers University Press, 1999). He is now writing Judaism in America for the Contemporary American Series of Columbia University Press. Visit him at the website of his synagoge, Bet Aviv, in Columbia, Maryland.

The following passages are from Dr. Raphael’s book Jews and Judaism in the United States a Documentary History (New York: Behrman House, Inc., Pub, 1983), pp. 14, 23-25.

  1. “Jews also took an active part in the Dutch colonial slave trade; indeed, the bylaws of the Recife and Mauricia congregations (1648) included an imposta (Jewish tax) of five soldos for each Negro slave a Brazilian Jew purchased from the West Indies Company. Slave auctions were postponed if they fell on a Jewish holiday. In Curacao in the seventeenth century, as well as in the British colonies of Barbados and Jamaica in the eighteenth century, Jewish merchants played a major role in the slave trade. In fact, in all the American colonies, whether French (Martinique), British, or Dutch,Jewish merchants frequently dominated.
  2. “This was no less true on the North American mainland, where during the eighteenth century Jews participated in the ‘triangular trade’ that brought slaves from Africa to the West Indies and there exchanged them for molasses, which in turn was taken to New England and converted into rum for sale in Africa. Isaac Da Costa of Charleston in the 1750’s, David Franks of Philadelphia in the 1760’s, and Aaron Lopez of Newport in the late 1760’s and early 1770’s dominated Jewish slave trading on the American continent.”

Dr. Raphael discusses the central role of the Jews in the New World commerce and the African slave trade (pp. 23-25):

SEVENTEENTH AND EIGHTEENTH CENTURIES:

JEWISH INTER-ISLAND TRADE: CURACAO, 1656

During the sixteenth century, exiled from their Spanish homeland and hard-pressed to escape the clutches of the Inquisition, Spanish and Portuguese Jews fled to the Netherlands; the Dutch enthusiastically welcomed these talented, skilled husinessmen. While thriving in Amsterdam-where they became the hub of a unique urban Jewish universe and attained status that anticipated Jewish emancipation in the West by over a century-they began in the 1500’s and 1600’s to establish themselves in the Dutch and English colonies in the New World. These included Curacao, Surinam, Recife, and New Amsterdam (Dutch) as well as Barbados, Jamaica, Newport, and Savannah (English). In these European outposts the Jews, with their years of mercantile experience and networks of friends and family providing market reports of great use, played a significant role in the merchant capitalism, commercial revolution, and territorial expansion that developed the New World and established the colonial economies. The Jewish-Caribbean nexus provided Jews with the opportunity to claim a disproportionate influence in seventeenth and eighteenth century New World commerce, and enabled West Indian Jewry-far outnumbering its coreligionists further north-to enjoy a centrality which North American Jewry would not achieve for a long time to come.

Groups of Jews began to arrive in Surinam in the middle of the seven-teenth century, after the Portuguese regained control of northern Brazil. By 1694, twenty-seven years after the British had surrendered Surinam to the Dutch, there were about 100 Jewish families and fifty single Jews there, or about 570 persons. They possessed more than forty estates and 9,000 slaves, contributed 25,905 pounds of sugar as a gift for the building of a hospital, and carried on an active trade with Newport and other colonial ports. By 1730, Jews owned 115 plantations and were a large part of a sugar export business which sent out 21,680,000 pounds of sugar to European and New World markets in 1730 alone.

Slave trading was a major feature of Jewish economic life in Surinam which as a major stopping-off point in the triangular trade. Both North American and Caribbean Jews played a key role in this commerce: records of a slave sale in 1707 reveal that the ten largest Jewish purchasers (10,400 guilders) spent more than 25 percent of the total funds (38,605 guilders) exchanged.

Jewish economic life in the Dutch West Indies, as in the North American colonies, consisted primarily of mercantile communities, with large inequities in the distribution of wealth. Most Jews were shopkeepers, middlemen, or petty merchants who received encouragement and support from Dutch authorities. In Curacao, for example, Jewish communal life began after the Portuguese victory in 1654. In 1656 the community founded a congregation, and in the early 1670’s brought its first rabbi to the island. Curacao, with its large natural harbor, was the steppng-stone to the other Caribbean islands and thus ideally suited geographically for commerce. The Jews were the recipients of favorable charters containing generous economic privileges granted by the Dutch West Indies Company in Amsterdam. The economic life of the Jewish community of Curacao revolved around ownership of sugar plantations and marketing of sugar, the importing of manufactured goods, and a heavy involvement in the slave trade, within a decade of their arrival, Jews owned 80 percent of the Curacao plantations. The strength of the Jewish trade lay in connections in Western Europe as well as ownership of the ships used in commerce. While Jews carried on an active trade with French and English colonies in the Caribbean, their principal market was the Spanish Main (today Venezuela and Colombia).

Extant tax lists give us a glimpse of their dominance. Of the eighteen wealthiest Jews in the 1702 and 1707 tax lists, nine either owned a ship or had at least a share in a vessel. By 1721 a letter to the Amsterdam Jewish community claimed that “nearly all the navigation…was in the hands of the Jews.”‘ Yet another indication of the economic success of Curacao’s Jews is the fact that in 1707 the island’s 377 residents were assessed by the Governor and his Council a total of 4,002 pesos; 104 Jews, or 27.6 percent of the taxpayers, contributed 1,380 pesos, or 34.5 percent of the entire amount assessed.

In the British West Indies, two 1680 tax lists survive, both from Barbados; they, too, provide useful information about Jewish economic life. In Bridgetown itself, out of a total of 404 households, 54 households or 300 persons were Jewish, 240 of them living in “ye Towne of S. Michael ye Bridge Town.” Contrary to most impressions, “many, indeed, most of them, were very poor.” There were only a few planters, and most Jews were not naturalized or endenizened (and thus could not import goods or pursue debtors in court). But for merchants holding letters of endenization, opportunities were not lacking. Barbados sugar-and its by-products rum and molasses-were in great demand, and in addition to playing a role in its export, Jewish merchants were active in the import trade. Forty-five Jewish households were taxed in Barbados in 1680, and more than half of them contributed only 11.7 percent of the total sum raised. While the richest five gave almost half the Jewish total, they were but 11.1 percent of the taxable population. The tax list of 1679-80 shows a similar picture; of fifty-one householders, nineteen (37.2 percent) gave less than one-tenth of the total, while the four richest merchants gave almost one-third of the total.

An interesting record of interisland trade involving a Jewish merchant and the islands of Barbados and Curacao comes from correspondence of 1656. It reminds us that sometimes the commercial trips were not well planned and that Jewish captains-who frequently acted as commercial agents as well-would decide where to sell their cargo, at what price, and what goods to bring back on the return trip.

{End of excerpt}

Dear Black Family,

Ever wonder about “Jewish wealth” and where it came from? I do. Ever wonder why there are so many Jewish-descent peoples in the West Indies/ South America? Ever wonder why peoples who came from Khazar had/have such a large stock and share in rum, molasses, cigars, cotton and sugar cane on Wall Street?

Wonder no further.

Whites have built enormous wealth on the skins of our ancestors. We worked to the the bone and died horrible, devastating deaths to make white people the richest 10% demographic in the WORLD.

Yet they call us lazy, shiftless, good-for-nothing, animalistic niggers. But have no fear, family. The karma that our enemies have given the universe is quickly catching up with them. When The Most High decides what will be the final justice, the torture that they will endure will make our suffering seem like a walk in the park.

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22 thoughts on “Jews and the Slave Trade

  1. “The karma that our enemies have given the universe is quickly catching up with them. When The Most High decides what will be the final justice, the torture that they will endure will make our suffering seem like a walk in the park.”

    I can’t wait;-)
    Currently economics and relationships seem to be the most important priority of the white/albinic people I encounter – they keep trying to keep me poor,powerless and demoralized – and then i’ll be too weak resist thier sexual advances : the whitest(lease amount of melanin female) and/or homosexuality.

    Fortunately for me thier plans are doomed to fail.

  2. You spoke in the past tense about how joos got wealthy. They are still doing the same things at this very moment. Look at the entertainment slave trade. All the heads of everything are joos. Look at the media and you’ll find joos at the top. These people have not changed at all. So since they aren’t gonna change then we should, but they have many of us so money hungry until we would sell our own. For a while now I have concluded that this place where we are right now is hell. So if this be hell, who in hell has the best time? The devil and his younguns. I care not for joos and I’m sure that feeling is mutual and I would have it no other way. Checkout some of our “leaders” and some of the things that they have said about joos. These people are more hated than me and white supremacist only see me as fool/tool the joos use to further there hold.

    Thank you sista for another excellent article.

  3. @Sister Truth great review sis. This is a very important book that all black people need to read. Don’t forget to get volume two as well. And of course “Jews selling Blacks” is very eye opening as well.

    http://kushiteprince.wordpress.com/2012/08/30/jews-selling-blacks/

  4. OH!! One another thought; look at Isn’t Real some call it Israel. They marched in there and took those people’s land, home and way of life. Don’t think that I give smallest part of a damn about the Palestinians, cause I DON’T. This is just an example of how these people think the world is their to do with it what they will. The only reason why they haven’t been wiped off the map is because they got big brother USA standing behind them. If the president really wants to go down in history, he would stop supporting these people who need no support. All the joos need is a effing muzzle or lead poison. Let them pick. Yeah, some may think that harsh, but until you run into one them Joo York joos and specially the older ones, save that concern. They wouldn’t piss on your Black ass if it were fire.

  5. larissa on said:

    Truthbetold said:
    ”When The Most High decides what will be the final justice, the torture that they will endure will make our suffering seem like a walk in the park.”
    I want to believe this is true, but so far evil has always triumphed. How can you be so sure that the next 90 centuries won’t be more of the same?

  6. The great Tony Martin breaks it down! As only he can! You can never stop the TRUTH from coming out.

  7. @larissa
    I wonder the same, which is why as a adult I completely reject any religious/belief system interpretation of reality.
    Although I choose not to believe at an early age (7 or 8 years old) nothing – not my countless failures nor triumphs (current age 50) has caused me to regret that choice.

    It seems biology and ecology provide more fitting explanitions – think predators vs prey.

  8. mary burrell on said:

    I didn’t know this. I have been so naive. I have so much to learn. This is something i will study. Thanks for the post. Sister Truth.

  9. mary burrell on said:

    I feel stupid. Here my dumb ass was thinking that jewish people were our alies. Being oppressed people themselves. Having exprerienced the Holocost in Europe. Hitler oppresing them and everything. I had no idea that they were complicit in this evil of enslaving our people. But i continue to learn something new everyday. Wearing rose colored glasses is not a good thing. I think my new user name will be Ms. Shattered Rose Colored Glasses. Again Thanks for the teaching.

  10. mary burrell on said:

    But like my friend hunglike jesus says. I have often wondered how it is they run Hollywood and they are very wealthy and are at the top of all professions from the economy to medicine and education and everything in between. It gives me pause. I have much to contemplate on this matter. If anything it will utilize my critical thinking skills. It will be a challenge.

  11. darqbeauty on said:

    Dig deeper down the rabbit hole. You will be SHOCKED to find out who the real “Jews” are and what your extraordinary birthright is. May The Most High continue to lead you to Truth, sister.

  12. Prince

    Excellent article you wrote! And great book recommendation.

  13. Most welcome sir.

  14. blackmystory on said:

    @mary burrell, first they are not remotely related to the people the bible claim to speak of. These people are descendants from a Eurasian tribe called the Khazaars in the Caucasus Mountains. They stole the legacy of the Africans due to the influence and knowledge that the two factions of Christians and Muslim brought to that area in an attempt to convert these savages. This is why they call themselves Jews and not Hebrew, and the fact they speak Yiddish (a European dialect) and not the ancient Amharic of Ethiopia or the younger Hebraic dialect. Read the book the 13th tribe, it details their savagery and conversion. Second, they Nazis DID NOT KILL 6 MILLION JEWS. This is a lie that even the Holocaust museum used to correct. I say used to because his story has been known to change, hence the 6 million. It was actually 200, 000 Khazaars, whose economic banditry contributed to the Germans being poor ( along with sanctions after the first European tribal war. The rest was made up of German dissidents against Nazism, socialist and communists, gypsies, homosexuals, polish resisters, political opponents AND at least 800 Africans living in Germany.

    Because of the influence of the Rothschild and their manipulation of the European and American economy, there was a political effort to further bamboozle sheeples through religion to make sure these people become the elites of the world. The book and movies exodus details these people going to African to seek the fabled Israel, but initially ended up in Uganda. This is how fucked these people are and how they make shit up as they go along. They later ended up in the former North East Africa, separated by the Suez canal, later called the middle east where they displaced the mongrel, mixed breed children of African and European abnormal sexuality that called themselves Arabs.

    The state religion of isn’t real as brother said, is not Hebrew but Zionism, which is also a political movement that is and was outlawed by the UN and the Brutish Empire for terrorism. Sounds familiar? But the American constitution was sold to Rothschild by “honest” Abe, during the American tribal war, so the Bank of England, which the family owned, also owns America and England, the two most influential countries in the G8. Guess where the UN is situated?

    Why do you think every American puppet that is selected speaks before AIPAC and gives allegiance to that group? Why to this day do you think the Palestinians are blocked from statehood? Don’t be fooled by the latest vote for as long as Isn’t real has one of the best armies in the world and nuclear arsenal and is backed by the G8, it will continue to murder innocent Palestinians. They continue to lie about the six day war which was not about Zionist routing of Arab armies, but a sudden raid and murder of people who wasn’t threatening them. But who controls the media? Read the Protocols of the elders of Zion. The greatest ally the Zionists have is the knee-grow, because of Christianinsanity we become like lemmings to these lies, following them off the cliff to our own detriment.

    A quote from the internet: “Dr Carter Goodwin Woodson reject of Jews and their so-call philanthropy of black causes is another reason as to why his (Dr. Woodson’) home was not kept in proper repaired and turned into a tourist site in the DC area as all historical landmarks are usually done”.

    I could go on and on, but I believe you get the idea.

  15. I was ignorant too. Until Jah opened my eyes and I saw whites for who and what they really are. Now, no matter how nice they seem, I can see right through them.

  16. Very comprehensive explanation of a complex issue.
    knee-grow, Christianinsanity,Isn’t real – funny and smart.

  17. ynotme on said:

    I remember when Mel Gibson was arrested for DUI…In a drunken stupor, he blurted out a barrage of anti-Semitic remarks about Jews, one being, “Jews are responsible for all the wars in the world”

    I guess he wasn’t that drunk after all?

  18. seedofjapheth on said:

    Jews historically are a merchant class of people so often have gotten involved with any sort of trade whether it be a good trade or an evil trade like slavery. Any anti-blak tendencies among both jews and non-jewish whites I would blame on anti-black racism itself rather than blaming it on jewishness or whiteness.

    Anti-black racism is a scourge upon humanity and so is anti-white racism.

  19. Tyrone on said:

    @Negress

    Why are black folk shocked by this? Jews have been in “Plain Sight” the entire time. All of the ills that this country is dealing with today are born out of “White Jewish Supremacy” within the caucasian race. I’ll use Miami as an example…a lot of white cubans and white brazilians that live in this crazy city are jewish. Miami was controlled by white jews that migrated from the northeast, who treated blacks like dirt. Blacks could not go across the bridge to South Beach in the not so distant past. When white cubans came in the 1960s thanks in large part to JFK, they blended in smoothly with their kinfolk…American Jews. Folks have always wondered how white cubans built their mini-cuba in Miami, when other spanish-speaking folks could not? It all makes sense now. As black people, we need to know our enemies better than they know themselves.

    White Jewish Power & Influence

    1. Politics…They bankroll the Democrats/Dixiecrats…The Party of Slavery. Self-Explanatory.

    2. Education…They control the teachers’ unions, comprise the vast majority of tenured professors at white colleges and universities.

    3. Journalism…The vast majority of so-called white journalists are white, jewish, and liberal. The newspapers, magazines, local-tv news, cable news, internet, and non-conservative talk radio are owned and controlled by them as well.

    4.Entertainment…Hollywood, Network-TV, Fashion/Modeling, Madison Avenue/Advertising, Sports, Adult Films, etc. 90% of what comes into our homes via tv, radio, and internet are filtered thru the lens of jewish folk. They comprise 6% of the US population, yet, have the bulk of wealth and political clout at the same time.

    White Jews in the US are no different than the Spanish, Portugese, and Arabs…White people who are the offspring of white slave barons that hide behind blacks that were enslaved by their white forefathers. All of them have the arrogance to say that they’re not white. They’re the genesis of our pain, and they know it. Let’s push all the blame onto the French and British, and present ourselves as white creoles…Their Mindset. Folk wonder why i despise Espana/Iberia and Arabia so much? As black folk, we need to deal with the real enemies of our race. Look at all of the ish going on in Europe, North Africa, Central Asia, and The Americas? What’s the common thread? Israel, Spain, Portugal, Arabia…Ditto!!!

    Tyrone
    The Black Eagles

  20. Bonnie on said:

    Dear Negress:

    Whites are one Race, and the Jews are another. You better do your homework, girl.

    THe jews themselves. state, proudly, ” they are NOT White, they are JEWS.

    So judaism is BOTH a Race and a religion.

    Fact is, the jews in control of biness, etc. are Hassidic, descendants of the Khazars, a *Tribe from the area of North China, probably kicked out by the Han, for being troublemakers, from the git go..

    All the time, the Conquistadores, and Colonials, were using the examples of the jew bible, as a Model for their dealings with “The Others.”

    Btw, the Irish and Scots, were enslaived, chained, transported and sold in the Caribbean, as well, BEFORE African slavery. They suffered and died like flies.And you know when, this started?

    At the time of the English Civil War, when Cromwell ruled, and brought the jews and their influence back to England!

    Do we get a clue here?

    You, we, non-jews, have been taken for fools, big time!

    Latina

    *See on line the Takla Makan Mummies.

  21. The spirit of the black individual is what our young must become of note to regard.
    If not for the early Africans who knew farming, as well as other living resource management skills. America would not have risen in economic stature to the level it did within such a short span of global life cycle timing.
    There was no skill that was beyond the black individual, many advancement were engineered by many of the blacks within the early days of America and still to this date, our ability of innovation is of great quality.
    Our cultural choice to not utilize the English language becomes our challenge point.
    Language was used to bring about separation from the economic modeling and the advent of the claim of professionalism, as well as it was structured to usher denials unto the black individual. To further confound the black individual, English was the claimed language of the land, yet, as a culture we were denied the ability to learn and chastised if we spoke to fluently the verbiage of the English language with clarity.
    To make the challenge more daunting, in each design of profession, English words were quickly converted to Latin and Greek words put forth in a disjunctive array of syllogisms.
    thus the combining of statements, became a challenge point for the black individual who had not been afforded to learn the English terms, which were quickly supplanted with Latin and Greek terms.. Thus the use of language became the bulwark of protections for the whites to guard against the black individual engaging the communion of subject matter. This became more dominant in the usage when Law is brought to topic, as so when Medicine is brought to topic.

    All the sciences were flitted with Latin terminology. For Generations this process was an assurance that information and knowledge could be shared among whites with a structured guard against the black individual from engaging the topic or gathering he understood flow of the topic discussion.
    The same is applied with regard to economic models.

    To our own challenge, we must move to learn not only the language of English meanings, but how that relates to the conversed replacement with Latin terms.

    To the betterment of our segment of society,we must have voice and speak words with clarity. We need not pose contempt nor become confounded, but to be expressive with the command of the English wording in conveying our thoughts and expressed feeling. Unfortunately, we allow ourselves to choose the usage of slang, accompanied by the reluctance to make use of words that convey ideals not just responsive expressions which often times result to be of a defensive tonality. Other words chosen come as a manner of diminishing rather than expanding our presence and assuring our clarity if put forth with confidence in our ideas and represent our ideals.

    Rare in this society is a well spoken black individual pushed to the back with the same force that a poorly spoken black individual, who by the lack of choice to utilize the English wording becomes not only ignored but disregarded.

    During Slavery, the denial of speaking ones native tongue was enacted with brute force. The denial of being afforded the means to learn collectively the English language was equally so enacted with brute force.

    As of this very day – We rise by the use of words and speaking the language in clarity. It is by the voice that doors become opened.
    One may speak on any profession if first they learn the terminology that governs the discussion which bring forth the sharing of knowledge in any respective class and category of profession.

    We can look at History and Know of many elements and factors, but we are overlooking the most basic tool we must utilize. Our voice, by the usage of the language of the land.

    It is by Word’s that we learn of God.. It is “The Word” of God that enlightens us, thus we must become aware of the value and meaning of ‘Words”…

  22. We choose the vices- they exist in presence for everyone to become consumed and or misled by such.
    We can speak of many things, by which we’ve become not only selectively motivated to engage, we have become to develop a level of vanity consumption with the vices, even when we become and know what they are.
    These are our distractions in present day.
    We have become to move away from engaging for innovation, we have a youth culture that has turned its back on the basic’s of learning.

    The allure factor of fantasy- the temp of madness by fools and madmen who gain wealthy and waste it on buffoonery.
    These models set us back.

    We must look and be aware, and learn from those who have in a time over powered us, we need not develop their manner of brutality, but we must use the ability to be structured in our aims, and decisive about our choices. They must become to think value in terms of stability, not in flash, nor in the sparkle followed by a smoke train as we go down in flames.

    It is our task to harness our minds. Not with bitterness nor contempt, for with bitterness and contempt we choose denial unto that which we aspire to claim.
    Which is: The Integrity which permeates our character.

    We must learn the value of contribution – as today, we are free to contribute, no longer are our contribution taken from us, nor are we any longer unable to see value from and through what we contribute.

    We’ve been groomed to grab and snatch, and we must learn to hold and respect, manage and invest or our time will become that of simply a consumer.

    We have that choice to make that change.

    We have many young men in the prime of their lives, spent playing domino’s, basketball and consumed behind the Television talking about what team is our favorite. these become our time investment, and the return we get is a mounting loss of what resource and resource management we can put to use to build for the future of the youth.

    We are free- but the first and foremost thing we must learn and truly regard about freedom is, the nature of its responsibility.

    For without the essence of responsibility, there is no freedom.. we simply become shackled by the vices, until avarice become embedded within our life manner.

    Time then finds us, wondering why in this day and age, we yet linger behind in the lead roles we would otherwise have in both innovation, industry, economic and the stability of community and family.

    We must know when recreation is recreation and know not to let it become an all consuming habit. Then we choose to live a purposeful life.

    Our Choice in today’s world.. Is our choice.

    Understanding the gravity of meaning within such, will determine unto where we shall arrive to be.

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